States and cities the place employers should share wage ranges when hiring

In December, New York Metropolis Council handed a invoice that can require employers to put up the wage vary for all job openings, promotions and switch alternatives. When the legislation is ready to enter impact in April, the town will be a part of the rising ranks of states and cities passing wage transparency legal guidelines nationwide.

The motion towards higher wage transparency has taken off amongst advocates and legislators in recent times, says Andrea Johnson, director of state coverage on the Nationwide Ladies’s Regulation Middle. Many years of analysis present wage secrecy disproportionately harms girls and staff of shade, who’re much less probably than equally certified white males to barter base salaries or raises—and after they do, they ask for much less.

Already, a minimum of 14 states have legal guidelines that prohibit employers from asking job candidates their wage historical past, and 20 states and Washington, D.C. provide protections for staff to debate pay. Advocates say elevated discussions about pay, particularly transparency from employers, might be one other device to assist shut the gender and racial wage gaps.

It is an necessary shift, Johnson tells CNBC Make It. “We needs to be placing the onus on employers to create buildings which can be equitable to start with, and never placing the onus on candidates to ensure they’re being paid pretty. That needs to be anticipated.”

Pay transparency legal guidelines range by state and metropolis, comparable to when employers are required to reveal it (upfront versus when requested) and what employers are required to take action. Johnson encourages job-seekers and staff to verify their state’s Division of Labor websites for extra data.

Listed below are the states and cities the place employers are required to reveal wage ranges through the hiring course of.


In January 2018, California’s Equal Pay Act grew to become the primary within the nation to ban employers from asking candidates about their wage historical past. It additionally requires employers to reveal the pay vary for a job if an applicant asks for it after an preliminary interview.

Cincinnati, Ohio

As of 2020 and per Cincinnati’s Prohibited Wage Inquiry and Use, employers within the metropolis are banned from asking candidates about their wage historical past. Employers should present the pay vary of a job after they’ve made a suggestion and if the applicant asks for it.


Starting in January 2021, Colorado’s Equal Pay for Equal Work Act requires employers to incorporate the pay vary and advantages in each job itemizing. Firms with a minimum of one worker within the state are required to put up pay for any distant job that would probably be carried out within the state.

Employers should additionally notify present workers of all promotion alternatives and maintain data of job descriptions and wages.


Starting October 2021, employers in Connecticut should present the wage vary if an applicant asks for it, or if the employer extends a suggestion — whichever happens first.

Employers should present an worker the pay vary after they’re employed, if they modify to a brand new place, or in the event that they request it for his or her present position.


In 2020, Maryland up to date its Equal Pay for Equal Work legislation to ban employers from asking candidates about their wage historical past, and require employers to reveal the pay vary to candidates upon request.


As of October 2021, Nevada employers cannot ask about wage historical past and should present the wage vary to candidates after an preliminary interview routinely, even when the applicant hasn’t requested for it.

For inner strikes, employers should present pay ranges for a switch or promotion if an worker has utilized for it, accomplished an interview and requests it.

New York Metropolis

As of April 2022, employers in New York Metropolis will probably be required to listing the minimal and most wage on all job postings, promotions or switch alternatives.

Rhode Island

Coming in January 2023, the Rhode Island Equal Pay Regulation would require employers to offer candidates pay vary data throughout interviews upon request. Employers should disclose the vary for a task earlier than they focus on compensation.

Employers should disclose the wage vary when an worker strikes into a brand new place. And staff can ask their employer for the wage vary of their present position.

Toledo, Ohio

Starting in 2020, Toledo’s Pay Fairness Act states that employers within the metropolis are prohibited from asking candidates about their wage historical past. Employers should present the pay vary on a job after they’ve made a suggestion and if the applicant asks for it.


In 2019, Washington amended its Equal Pay and Alternatives Act to say employers should present the minimal and most pay vary for a job after they’ve made a suggestion and if the candidate asks for it.

Employers should present the vary for an inner switch or promotion to current workers, if the worker asks for it. And if a scale or vary would not exist, the employer should present the worker with the minimal wage expectation, which should be set previous to posting the place, making a place switch or making the promotion.

Extra pay transparency legal guidelines could possibly be coming

Employers have not all the time been so tight-lipped about salaries, Johnson says, explaining that pay discussions grew to become extra restrictive following the monetary disaster of 2008: “The financial energy dynamics in hiring shifted. Candidates had much less energy, and employers might maintain their playing cards shut.”

Now, as staff climate the pandemic with extra job alternatives and promise of versatile work than ever, Johnson says, “we’re popping out of a much less clear interval.”

Rising wage vary legal guidelines are essential within the context of at the moment’s pandemic financial restoration. Ladies, workers of shade and low-wage staff disproportionately compelled out of labor should be introduced again in with the appropriate assist and equitable pay, Johnson says. “We’d like to consider how we deliver them again in and rebuild the economic system, and do it in a method that is sustainable for folks and strengthens enterprise.”

Publicizing salaries might be time-saving for employers, too, by attracting job-seekers and removing these whose expectations do not match up.

To this point, extra payments are into consideration in states together with Massachusetts, South Carolina and New York.

On the federal stage, the Equal Pay Act of 1963 bans pay discrimination on the idea of intercourse. However many years later, employer pay practices proceed to create gender and racial wage gaps. Lawmakers have tried to strengthen honest pay legal guidelines by way of the Paycheck Equity Act, however little progress has been made because it was launched in 1997. The Home reintroduced and handed the laws final spring, however the Senate didn’t advance it.


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