Knowledge Focus: Why India shouldn’t be in a position to irrigate all obtainable agricultural land?


As per the most recent knowledge obtainable with the Union authorities, towards the entire agricultural land of 1,80,888 thousand hectares, the cultivated land within the nation is 1,53,888 thousand hectares. Of the entire obtainable agricultural land 71,554 thousand hectares or solely 40 per cent is irrigated.

Because the Centre is executing schemes to double farmers’ earnings farmers in lots of States proceed to depend upon monsoon for cultivation. Actually, a few of the main States together with Maharashtra and Jharkhand don’t even have 20 per cent of arable land irrigated. 

Punjab is the one State which has almost achieved 100 per cent web irrigation adopted by Haryana. Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and West Bengal are among the many 5 high States with greater than 50 per cent web irrigated space.   

Apparently, per the federal government knowledge 60 per cent of the web irrigated space within the nation is serviced via groundwater. The speed of extraction of groundwater is greater than 100 per cent in Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan. Financial Surveys and consultants have been suggesting that elevated protection below micro-irrigation will be the best mode of water conservation and these States must give attention to each medium and long-term groundwater recharge and conservation plans.

In States like Maharashtra, the native authorities is specializing in constructing new dams however has not taken care of constructing a canal community to take the water to farms.

“ Authorities is speaking about doubling of farmers’ earnings however right here we rely on monsoon showers to outlive,” says Dwarkatai Waghmare, a farmer from Beed district in Maharashtra. She provides that hundreds of individuals migrate looking for livelihood from drought-prone areas in absence of fine monsoon.   

The Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, estimates proportion of the web un-irrigated space over web space sown within the nation to be about 48.65 per cent. “ Additional, it’s estimated that 40 per cent of the web sown space is predicted to stay rain-fed even after attainment of full irrigation potential of the nation,” the Ministry of Jal Shakti acknowledged in February.  

“ On this case, the federal government has to determine a couple of long-term coverage for farmers whose land won’t ever come below irrigation,” says farmer chief Sampatrao Pawar.  

Centre’s plan 

Water is a State topic and native governments take up initiatives for offering irrigation in rain-fed areas below their jurisdiction. In response to the Union authorities, its position is restricted to being catalytic, offering technical assist, and in some circumstances partial monetary help when it comes to the present schemes below implementation.

A centrally sponsored scheme Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched in 2015-16. The goal is to reinforce bodily entry of water on farm and increase cultivable areas below assured irrigation, enhance on-farm water use effectivity, and introduce sustainable water conservation practices. 

Extension of PMKSY until 2025-26 has been permitted with an total outlay of ₹93,068.56 crore (central help of ₹37,454 crore, debt servicing to NABARD for ₹20,434.56 crore and State share being ₹35,180 crore).

Revealed on

August 17, 2022



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