China’s sensible agriculture: applied sciences for high-quality progress


The clever agricultural working system displayed on the 2022 China Worldwide Clever Agriculture Expo, Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, July 6, 2022. /CFP

The clever agricultural working system displayed on the 2022 China Worldwide Clever Agriculture Expo, Nanjing, east China’s Jiangsu Province, July 6, 2022. /CFP

Editor’s word: Alexander Ayertey Odonkor is an financial marketing consultant, chartered monetary analyst and chartered economist with an in-depth understanding of the financial panorama of nations in Asia and Africa. The article displays the creator’s opinions and never essentially the views of CGTN.

On August 16, 2022, the Chinese language Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) launched a marketing campaign to boost scientific and technological improvements in agricultural equipment and gear nationwide. China’s agriculture, one of many worlds historic civilizations, has undergone many transformations – from the usage of crude instruments for farming, to integrating superior equipment and applied sciences in recent times.

The structural adjustments stay essential for reinforcing agricultural productiveness and strengthening meals safety on this planet’s most populous nation. In reality, with lower than 10 p.c of the world’s complete arable land, it appeared inconceivable for China to feed one-fifth of the world’s total inhabitants. But, the nation’s structural agricultural transformations, together with different associated industries, have all been underpinned by the nation’s superb scientific and technological improvements.

In response to the Meals and Agriculture Group of the United Nations, China is the world’s main producer of greens, fruits, poultry, fishery merchandise, cotton, eggs, cereals, and meat. In the meantime, China’s policymakers and related stakeholders stay dedicated to tapping into extra assets to optimize sustainable agricultural productiveness that in recent times, have been supported by means of newfangled digital applied sciences – pushing for sensible agriculture, whereas incorporating superior data and communications know-how (ICT) infrastructure into agriculture – leveraging the web of issues (IoT), synthetic intelligence (AI), robots and drones to strengthen rural improvement. 

Presently, farmers in Chailixi village in Tengzhou metropolis of East China’s Shandong Province, the nation’s largest producer of greens and grains, recognized up to now to depend on easy instruments comparable to hoes for farming have switched to sensible agriculture – with solely a smartphone, native farmers can monitor air temperature and carbon dioxide ranges in greenhouses in real-time, and remotely contact consultants for steering on the perfect agricultural practices to undertake for the planting season, which may improve agricultural manufacturing effectivity and revitalizing the nation’s rural improvement.

Guests on the eleventh Jiangsu Worldwide Agricultural Equipment Truthful, Nanjing, April 14, 2021. /CFP

Guests on the eleventh Jiangsu Worldwide Agricultural Equipment Truthful, Nanjing, April 14, 2021. /CFP

In contrast to some years in the past, Chinese language farmers are relying rather more on drones for monitoring, spraying and threat mitigation on their farmlands. The supply of those digital applied sciences has higher positioned farmers to profit extra from sensible agriculture. The Chinese language authorities’s funding in home ICT infrastructure improvement has yielded terrific outcomes, coming alongside with super authorities assist for sensible agriculture advances.

As of December 2021, the overall variety of web customers in China had reached 1.03 billion, up by 42.96 million from December 2020, representing an web penetration price of 73 p.c – which signifies an rising web penetration price in each rural and concrete areas. With the nation’s present large web penetration price, which is very more likely to develop additional within the years forward, your entire agricultural worth chain is changing into extra tightly related from manufacturing to advertising and marketing – a digital transformation that’s lowering agricultural manufacturing prices, upgrading effectivity and creating new job alternatives for native communities within the rural areas.

Farmers can now entry prepared markets for agricultural merchandise through e-commerce platforms, an avenue that was not out there to them just some years in the past. In response to latest knowledge launched by JD.com, China’s largest on-line retailer, present that because the begin of Spring on February 4, 2022, the net transaction quantity of the corporate’s agricultural merchandise, crops, and different inexperienced consumption has elevated by over 40 p.c year-on-year (YoY) and the turnover of fertilizers and gardening has additionally elevated by 317 p.c and 247 p.c (YoY), respectively. 

In rural areas, on-line consumption of agricultural merchandise has additionally soared – previous to the spring equinox in 2022 the transaction worth of home agricultural know-how providers had grown by over 10 instances (YoY), in county-level rural areas, agricultural know-how providers had elevated by 20 p.c, and the share of transaction quantity rose from 62 p.c to 82 p.c. 

An unbelievable progress sample that elucidates why the Nationwide Plan for Agricultural and Rural Informatization for the 14th 5-12 months Plan (2021-2026) issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on March 9, 2022 proposes sensible agriculture as the primary route for high-quality improvement of agricultural and rural informatization. And whereas the plan proposes by 2025 for sensible agriculture to realize an bold new milestone – the informatization price of agricultural manufacturing will attain 27 p.c and annual on-line retail gross sales of agricultural merchandise will exceed 800 billion yuan ($125.8 billion). However there’s nonetheless lots of work to be completed in an effort to obtain this objective.

To bridge the hole and maintain high-quality progress that’s important for sustainable agriculture, it is crucial for policymakers and related stakeholders to carry onboard small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as they symbolize the most important share of all companies within the nation – strengthening the capacities of those SMEs, notably the high-growth enterprises to assist analysis and improvement for sensible agriculture, will enhance the manufacturing of progressive digital applied sciences for sensible agriculture in China.

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