Agriculture committee considers import allow for mosquito species | Information, Sports activities, Jobs


The College of Hawaii mosquito lab is proven in 2017. Photograph courtesy of DLNR

A state Division of Agriculture committee is contemplating whether or not to permit the importation of three species of mosquitoes — all of that are already current in Hawaii — as a part of efforts to introduce incompatible male mosquitoes to wild populations which can be decimating native hen species.

The division’s Plant and Animal Advisory Committee is assembly in the present day to debate itemizing the mosquito species on its Restricted Species Record A, permitting for importation of the southern home mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus), which is liable for sharp declines within the populations of many honeycreeper species on Maui, Kauai and Hawaii island, in addition to the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti) and Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus), which transmit human illnesses.

A set of companies and organizations working beneath the Birds, Not Mosquitoes partnership plans to introduce a mosquito contraception into hen habitats to attempt to cease avian malaria from killing the final remaining populations of endangered Hawaiian honeycreeper species, a few of which have fewer than 100 people within the wild and are anticipated to go extinct in lower than two years, in response to a information launch from the state Division of Land and Pure Assets on Wednesday.

The contraception methodology makes use of male mosquitoes, which don’t chunk, with a pressure of a bacterium known as Wolbachia that’s incompatible with the pressure of Wolbachia at present present in wild mosquitoes in Hawaii. When these male mosquitoes mate with females within the forest, the eggs don’t hatch and the mosquito inhabitants measurement drops. No genes are modified within the mosquito or within the Wolbachia micro organism, opposite to claims on social media, DLNR stated.

“It’s disappointing that some individuals are misinforming others by saying that is utilizing GMOs or GEs. These should not genetically modified or engineered organisms,” DLNR Chairperson Suzanne Case stated. “The proposed method doesn’t modify the genes of mosquitoes or Wolbachia. It’s comparable course of to taking antibiotics, then consuming probiotics, to exchange the prevailing neighborhood of micro organism with a distinct neighborhood inside your abdomen.”

The method is being utilized in 15 totally different international locations, together with on the continental U.S., in response to the DLNR.

The Wolbachia micro organism being implanted already happens in Hawaii and happens within the Aedes mosquito genus. The totally different Wolbachia strains within the Culex species of mosquitoes will make the women and men produce infertile eggs, DLNR stated.

All three of the mosquito species up for restricted itemizing are identified to hold human illnesses in Hawaii. Itemizing the species will allow the state Division of Well being to make the most of this device to scale back populations of mosquitoes of well being concern in a secure, focused method, with out the usage of chemical pesticides, DLNR stated.

“We want these Wolbachia-incompatible male mosquitoes to be listed in order that importation can start,” stated the Birds, Not Mosquitoes partnership, which is guided by the state’s high scientists and researchers with many years of expertise learning Hawaii’s forest birds and mosquitoes.

To submit public testimony by 4 p.m. in the present day, contact Inspection and Compliance Part Chief Jonathan Ho by e mail at Jonathan.Okay.Ho@hawaii.gov or by fax at (808) 832-0582.

“Hawaii Plant and Animal Advisory Committee on Proposal to Add Three Mosquito Species to Record of Restricted Animals” needs to be included within the topic line.


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